To understand how elements are combined to form compounds, it What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup necessary to understand the structure of atoms. Atoms consist mainly of electrically charged particles called electrons and protons. Each electron has negative charge and each proton has a positive charge. Neutrons, which are also present in atoms, have no charge.
Normally, an atom contains as many electrons as protons. The negative charges and the positive charges balance each other and the atom is neutral uncharged.
If the balance between electrons and protons is upset, the atom becomes an electrically charged unit called anion. An atom becomes positive ion if it loses one or more electrons and they are called cation.
What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup example, when a hydrogen atom loses its single electron.
A negative chlorine ion Cl- is a chlorine atom with one additional electron. Electrons revolve in various distances from the nucleus of an atom. The path of the electron forms a series of shells with the nucleus at the center.
Each succeeding shell is farther from the nucleus from the one below it. Scientist has found that each shell can contain no more than a certain number of electrons.
The first shell holds no more than 2 electrons. The second can hold 8; the third, no more than 18 and so on. Most interactions among atoms take place in the
What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup shell of each What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup. The number of each electron in this shell determines how an atom combines with other atoms to form compounds. When atoms combine they gain, lose or share electrons in such a
What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup that the outer shells become chemically complete.
The valence of an element is the number of electrons the elements gain or loses when it forms compounds with other elements. Electrons in the outermost shell are called valence electron. Atoms, in a sense, are tied together to form molecules. The atoms of molecules are linked together through a reaction known as chemical bonding. A chemical bond is a force that holds atom together. How do atoms combine? What are the forces that bind them? These questions are fundamental in the study of chemistry since a chemical reaction is essentially an alteration of chemical bonds.
An important clue to the understanding of the driving force for chemical bonding was the discovery of the noble gases and their apparently inert chemical behavior.
Elements tend to attain this configuration of completely filled outer shells in order to gain stability. The transfer or sharing of electrons of the atoms in a compound forms a linkage between them which chemists call the chemical bond. There are two types of chemical bonds, 1 ionic bond and 2 covalent bond. In order to acquire an inert gas configuration, there is a need for 8 electrons to occupy the s p distribution in the highest energy level of an atom.
In the first choice, if the 3s1 is lost, the second shell becomes the outer-shell, with a configuration of 2s2 2p6, an outer-shell octet. For the second possibility, What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup total of 7 electrons would have to be gained to produce the outer-shell octet3s2 3p6.
What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup time an electron is gained, the Na atom acquires one unit of negative electrical charge, therefore, a gain of seven electrons produces a net charge of -7, which is noted as Na the third choice is taken and electrons are shared, Sodium could provide one electron the 3s1 and the other atom swould have to provide a total of seven more.
In general, atoms will follow the "course of action" which results in the most stable situation - the lowest energy state. It is difficult for any atom to find other atoms, which will give up a total of 7 electrons. Also, the Na -7 is not stable, because the 11 protons of Sodium could not be able to exert a strong force of attraction to hold on to the 18 electrons. And in an attempt to share electrons, Sodium will have the trouble finding atoms, which have
What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup trouble finding atoms, which must provide the majority of electrons shared.
Figure illustrates these points. Apply the same type of reasoning to chlorine atom. Because there are seven electrons in the outer energy level, Chlorine needs only one electron to complete an octet in the third energy level. Therefore, the possibility that Cl will follow most likely is by gaining an electron from some other atom, forming Cl Since an electron has been gained, the configuration of Chlorine ion is:.
An ionic bond is formed in a compound when the electrons from the outermost shell of an atom are actually transferred to the outermost shell of the combining atom. This transfer occurs from one who has a lesser attraction to one who has a greater attraction for electrons.
After the transfer What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup occurred, the atom, which gained the electron snow contains more electrons than protons thus, it is negatively charge. That one from which the electron s have been removed has more protons than electrons and is therefore positively charged. These charged particles are called ions.
A positively charged ion is called cation, and a negatively charged ion is called an anion. Since these ions have opposite charges, there is an attractive force between them. This attractive force constitutes the ionic bond otherwise called electrovalent bond.
However, the ions are free and exist as separate particles whether they are in dissolved or solid form. A typical example of an ionic or electrovalent bond is the bond formed between sodium and chlorine atoms when they enter into chemical combination. Some compounds are formed when electrons are shared between two atoms to fill up the incomplete outer shell of both in order to attain the stable configuration of an inert gas.
The chemical bond in which two atoms share a pair of electron and form molecules is called covalent bond. What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup atoms of covalent compounds are not free like those in ionic compounds.
They are tightly linked to one another by the covalent bond. Hence each independent particle is a combination of the atoms. Make clear that H needs one electron to attain a stable 1s 2 outer shell configuration, and F needs one electron to attain an octet. Since neither can easily lose electron, sharing occurs and a covalent bond is formed. Covalent bond is What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup bond formed in which two atoms share a pair of electrons and form molecules.
The bond that results whenever unequal sharing occurs is called polar covalent bond while equal sharing of electrons is called non polar covalent bond. Chemical bonds are produced when the outer-shell electrons are either transferred or shared from one atom to another. The formation of chemical bonds usually enables an atom to acquire a chemically stable outer-shell consisting of an octet of electrons.
There are two types of chemical bonds. The resulting particles are ion — atom or groups of atoms with an unbalance electrostatic charge. The bond that results whenever unequal sharing occurs is called a polar covalent bond. Equal sharing of electrons What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup called non polar covalent bond. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.
Enriquez, Krichelle kae C. BSMT 1Chemical Bonding a lasting attraction of between atoms, What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup, or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compound. The may result from the electrostatic force of attraction between oppositely charged ions as in ionic bonds or through the sharing of electrons as in covalent bonds.
With What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup help of this power point, this make us easily understand about the chemical bonding. I learned how to share the electrons and also how to transfer the electron. If it is a covalent bond this is about sharing of electrons while the ionic bond it is about of bond formed by the transfer of electrons.
BSMT 1 This lesson help us to understand well the chemical bonding. Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear. Is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. Not all chemical bonds are created equal: It is important to have an understanding or knowledge about chemical bonding.
It is the attraction of atoms into another. The relevance of this study to us medtech students is that we will get to know the do's and don'ts in chemical bonding. Thank you so much to the author, mam liwayway for this article. Dungo, Joyce Nicole B.
What is balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup 1 - Chemical bonds is important because without What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup, everything that we have would not exist.
Because chemical bonds connect atoms and molecules and thus literally make all mass
What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup. And if atoms and molecules did not connect with each other, so all matter could not be formed. Chemical bonding states that each atoms creates a attraction to each other for them to be able to form another substance that contains two or more atoms. This process results a electrostatic force that creates a attraction to each substance.
Chemical bond is a attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. Bond caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite chargeseither between electrons, nuclei or as the result of dipole attraction. Chemical bonding is the sharing and transferring of electrons from the outermost shell. Ionic bonding is the transferring of What is the balanced nuclear equation for carbon hookup while covalent bonding is the sharing of electrons classified into 2: Polar and Non- Polar Covalent.
This lesson enabled us to know more about the different chemical bonding. In which it will surely help us to widen our knowledge about chemistry.